Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Writing a Good Definitional Argument Essay Topic

Writing a Good Definitional Argument Essay TopicIn order to do a definitional argument essay, you have to pick out the strongest topic for you and write a paragraph of your reasoning that encompasses the topics covered in the essay. A definitional essay is a great tool in school or in college, because it is an easy way to prove you know what you are talking about.What you should be aiming for with this type of essay is a first-year college level term. You will also need to write this within a few weeks of your last grade in high school.There are three different types of topics that can be used for this kind of essay. They are definitional argument topics, questions and a general topic.In order to determine what you're writing about, decide what is the most important topic that your reader will be able to recall. Next, decide on a specific type of topic that your reader will want to learn more about. Once you have chosen the specific topic, write your argument.At the beginning of your argument, you should also include a summary of the purpose of your argument, which you may state in a paragraph or two. This will help put your argument in context. If your premise is true, then your conclusion will also be accurate, so don't leave it hanging.When you find yourself having to spell errors or grammatical errors, use a spell check program to check for them. Don't panic if you find some errors. As long as you did your best, you can correct them.Also, look at your word count. If you can spare a few minutes in between arguments, you may want to edit your essay. A little editing goes a long way in improving your grade, so take advantage of it.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Beowulf Is Responsible For His Victories - 1527 Words

Beowulf is eventually responsible for his victories? Does he win his victories because of his strength? In Seamus Heaney’s translation of the Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf, one of the Vikings do not succeed to reach the battles he chooses to face to battle. The two critical factors that plays during the role of Beowulf glory. The first critical factor is the role that Beowulf’s strength and the braveness Beowulf has for his battles. The second critical role divine’s presence that protects Beowulf in all most all of the battles he joins. The narrator presents Beowulf as a god-like hero and the strength he has because of all the victories and all the undefeated glory in the battles he has done throughout the poem. Although, the narrator often†¦show more content†¦Hrothgar addresses Beowulf’s mothers when he say’s â€Å"that woman can say / that in her labour the Lord of Ages / a grace on her† ( 943-945). Not only does Hrothgar express t o the Lord for Beowulf’s victory in the battle, but he gives him credit for bringing Beowulf into the existence and saving Hrothgar and his people and Beowulf’s mother received a blessing from God because Beowulf is a splendid hero. Subsequent to Beowulf’s battle against Grendel’s it was easy for Beowulf’s power to be the reason why he was successful in the battle and in Hrothgar’s speech, he gave the credit to God. The narrator asserts that the â€Å"monster wrenched and wrestled with him / but Beowulf was mindful of his mighty strength / the wondrous gifts God had showered on him† (1969-1271). It had many instance which made Beowulf admit that God’s assistance in the battle, gave him strength and hero credits to the Almighty Lord regardless of the pride Beowulf had developed. At that point the hero had come close to not winning the battle against Grendel’s mother, and the narrator gives credit to God when Beowulf was able to get back on his feet. Beowulf put his power to admit that God gave hime the power to win the battle against the monstrous demon. Though out the poet, Beowulf credits the gratitude toward the Lord of giving him â€Å"wondrous gifts† that made Beowulf enable to defeat Grendel’s mother.Then the narrator states that entire battle Beowulf relies on the Divine being;Show MoreRelated Vengeance in the Epic of Beowulf Essay775 Words   |  4 Pagesthe Epic of Beowulf Beowulf is the epic story of a young hero who battles the monster Grendel and his mother. Beowulf, a prince of the Geats, the son of Ecgtheow who voyages to Heorot, the hall of Hrothgar, king of the Danes and the great grandson of the hero Scyld Scefing. There at Heorot, Beowulf destroys the monster Grendel, who for twelve years has haunted the hall by night and slain all he found therein. When Grendels mother, in revenge, makes an attack on the hall, Beowulf seeks her outRead MoreBeowulf Character Analysis885 Words   |  4 Pagesanalyzing and reading the text in Beowulf, I realized that Beowulf himself is a leader and a hero in the text also he plays a big role as the protagonist being a hero for saving his kingdom against monsters and mortal enemies but exactly how does it make him a greater hero than the average hero? In the text Beowulf’s uncle which is Hygelac was said to be a great ruler and it is evident that this is Beowulf’s role model and hero and as the sto ry goes on. As a character Beowulf encounters with great monstersRead MoreAnalysis Of Anglo-Saxon Culture In Beowulf1146 Words   |  5 Pagesthey were expressed through their literature as well. In Beowulf, the aspects most exaggerated are wyrd, comitatus, and scopes, one of which is relevant greatly in todays society. The first aspect I will divulge upon is the recurrence of scopes in Beowulf. One of the first instances of this was the reasoning behind Grendel’s lashing out at the Danes in rage. It is stated that he was disturbed by the music played by skilled poets.(Beowulf 88-99) By being the initial source of happiness in the poemRead MoreBeowulf : The Epic Hero1321 Words   |  6 PagesBeowulf the Epic Hero What does it mean to be a hero? Like anything else in this world, the definition of the word hero can be argued. Some may say that a hero can be passive, that is if he or she refrains from doing a certain action it makes them heroic. Others would argue that to be truly heroic the character must never turn tail and always face the obstacle head on even though he or she may die in the process. So is Beowulf a hero? Yes, Beowulf is a great epic hero, but his greatness comes onlyRead More Donaldsons Beowulf Essay1189 Words   |  5 PagesDonaldsons Beowulf Fate often saves an undoomed man when his courage is good -Beowulf (Donaldson, 12) The passage that I analyzed spans the action when Beowulf returns to the halls of Heorot after a harsh battle with Grendel’s mother. He returns to king Hrothgar in the great hall of Heorot to say that he has successfully completed his boast and killed Grendel’s mother. Beowulf states that it has been a very difficult underwater battle and that he has barely escaped with his life, â€Å"TheRead MoreTheme Of Paganism In Beowulf1179 Words   |  5 Pageslongest epic poem ever written in the genre of Old English is â€Å"Beowulf†, it has been composed in the native language as spoken during the Anglo-Saxon reign in England, preceding the Norman Conquest. Beowulf is regarded as a classic tale which relates the defeat of evil and triumph of good. The poem is divided into three acts. Christian and Pagan Influences in Beowulf: The Pagan deities, rituals as well as pagan ideas influenced Beowulf, when it was being created, though the passing down of the epicRead MoreEssay on The Moral Codes of Comitatus and Chivalry1151 Words   |  5 PagesTwo such codes are comitatus as demonstrated in Beowulf and chivalry as depicted in Morte D’Arthur. When the characters in these stories live by the constructs of these social systems, the society flourishes. When characters stray from each social code, however, the entire society falls victim. Comitatus is a social system under which people serve their courageous leader no matter what the circumstance. â€Å"The chiefs fight for victory, the followers for their chief,† (Agricola Germainia)Read MoreBeowulf And The Anglo Saxon Values Heroism1154 Words   |  5 Pageswhen in danger, helping those in need, and being the first one to step up and help, In the read Beowulf, he does just that. â€Å"A hero is an ordinary individual who finds the strength to persevere and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles† This quote is perfect in relation to Beowulf and the Anglo-Saxon beliefs. Heroism is displayed in many ways, It is showed all throughout the articles as well. Beowulf displays and greatly achieves one of the Anglo-Saxon values heroism through strength and greatnessRead MoreIn Beowulf, The Cultural Traditions Of The Ancient Germanic1115 Words   |  5 PagesIn Beowulf, the cultural traditions of the ancient Germanic tribes are expressed. Throughout the poem, treasures are a symbol of achievement, glory, and wealth in the Germanic culture. The possession of treasures such as gold earns one respect within the Germanic tribes. Moreover, the act of partitioning is celebrated and it earns you a title of a good king and warrior. While the doing the opposite condemns you and titles you a greedy king and warrior. The concept of sharing wealth and treasuresRead MoreIs Beowulf a Hero?2129 Words   |  9 PagesIs Beowulf a hero? It is vital when approaching the question of whether or not Beowulf can be viewed as a hero to attempt to understand the concept of a ‘hero. Joseph Campbell, the American theorist, studied mythological characters and texts in great detail and developed the concept of the monomyth (or Heros Journey) which he suggested all heroes undertook: A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effects Of Gendered Representations On Advertising

The Effects of Gendered Representations in Advertising This essay discusses the representations of women in media and advertising, including the effects they have on individuals in society. Firstly, I will review the literature on stereotypical gender roles within media and advertising. This will include traditional roles such as the housewife, and modern roles such as the sex object. Secondly, I will critically evaluate and examine the effects of these roles on women, and even men, in today’s society. Effects include body dissatisfaction, thin idealisation and, in extreme cases, violence against women. Thirdly, I will aim to make conclusions on whether gender representations and roles within media have impacts on men and women in society. During the rise of the feminist movement in the late 20th century, a significant body of research emphasised that media and advertising can affect the behaviours, knowledge and beliefs of individuals. The mass media can influence attitudes and opinions, either immediately or gradually, which may shape social norms (Lazarsfeld, 1948, p.249). In particular, researchers have argued that advertising plays a huge role in affecting the attitudes and behaviours of individuals in society (Courtney and Lockeretz, 1971, Kolbe and Langefeld, 1991; Harrison and Hefner, 2006; Stankiewicz and Rosselli, 2008; Ifezue, 2010). Advertising may be referred to as a â€Å"persuasive and repetitive form of communication† (Panarese, 2014, p.100), which occupiesShow MoreRelatedEffect Of Gender And Gender Representation On Media1735 Words   |  7 PagesThe effect of gender and gender representation in media has been widely researched in various academic disciplines, including anthropology and communi cation studies. Similar gender role expectations are not just restricted to Western culture either. A study on gender representation in East Asian advertising by Michael Prieler is a demonstration of the influence of gendered communication. The research examines the male and female representation in the advertising of East Asian countries like HongRead MoreMedia Representation of Gender Roles1954 Words   |  8 PagesHistorically, social and feminist scholars have focused on media representations of gender roles and how they affect the lived experiences of women (Green, 2013; Soulliere, 2006). Gender is widely considered to be a cultural rather than strictly biological creation, and it is often constructed and represented through popular culture media such as advertisements, magazines, and television (Soulliere, 2006). While women have made great strides in expanding the culturally acceptable definition of femininityRead MoreEffects Of Self Congruity And Multifactorial Gender Ident ity Essay1684 Words   |  7 PagesThe Effects Self-Congruity and Multifactorial Gender Identity in Advertising Market segmentation is a process that is used to make the selling of goods or services more efficient and profitable. By dividing a large and diverse population into smaller groups, marketers can craft persuasive messages designed to target a specific audience. Examples of these categorizations are age, race, socio-economic status, geographic location, occupation, and gender. These demographic distinctions inform every partRead MoreEssay on Use of Sex in Advertising1512 Words   |  7 PagesThe use of sex in advertising may create unrealistic ideals for men regarding women, however, it is a powerful tool for selling products. Through the years advertisers have shown through their advertisements that sex does sell products. Especially when selling to the male viewers. Sex is the second strongest of the psychological appeals, right behind self-preservation, and its strength is biological and instinctive, the genetic imperative of reproduction (Taflinger). Sexual desire is an instinct iveRead MoreThe Effects Of Media On Gay Male Body Image1209 Words   |  5 Pages7) Lanzieri, N., Hildebrandt, T., (2015). Using Objectification Theory to Examine the Effects of Media on Gay Male Body Image. Clinical Social Work Journal, 44(1), 105-113. The existing studies have indicated the gay male adults are more likely to develop body image dissatisfaction than other male populations due to variety of social and culture elements—particularly in media. Lanzieri and Hildebrand argued that gay media sources had produced the ideal male physique that negatively impact on itsRead MoreAdvertising and Society2565 Words   |  11 PagesAdvertising and Society Introduction: Advertising is said to be like glue that holds cultures together. It allows us to share a common experience incorporated by brands, images, logos, and even silly jingles. We define who we are by what we buy and wear because we know that others judge us by what we buy and wear. And advertising influences those judgments. Today because of advertisements conditioning and trendsetting, judgments are made on what clothes people wear, what shampoo and kitchen cleanerRead MoreHow Stereotypes for Women Came to Be Essay1531 Words   |  7 Pagesarticles had housework and shopping advice and were primarily written to women because the men were at work. Women started to buy most of the household items, which caused many advertisements to be directed to women. By World War II though, the advertising techniques started to change a little bit. Women now knew how to take care of and buy for their family so those types of advertisements were no longer needed. During World War II, advertisers changed their method by making women feel needed outsideRead MoreDolores Hayden : A Feminist Critique Of Architecture And Urban History1535 Words   |  7 Pagesand patriarchal planning conventions. Her design proposals taook influence from the communitarian and socialist architecture she had researched for her 1976 publication Seven American Utopias. Hayden’s experimental HOMES project sought to combat gendered limitations and alter the boundaries between public and private space, advocating for communal domestic spaces, shared childcare and social cooperation. The scheme re-interpreted existing suburban neighbourhoods by disrupting divisions between theRead MoreThe Representation Of Gender Masculinity1729 Words   |  7 PagesThe representation of gender in a masculine context in New Zealand is constructed through hegemonic constructions formed through colonisation. Due to being constructed by this dominant ideology, which in terms of a New Zealand context is Pakeha and male (Hegemony), the construction of masculinity appears natural. This hegemonic masculinity is so naturalised it becomes invisible and we don’t see or think about it. Law, R (1997) states that â€Å"The concept of hegemonic masculinity allows for us to theoriseRead MoreGender Stereotypes Essay1326 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Representation Of Ge nder Stereotypes Essay (Core Text: She’s The Man, Related Text: Bend It Like Beckham) Gender refers to what it means to be male or female in daily life. Gender is different to sex, which is the term used to describe biological differences between males and females. Throughout history, the roles of males and females have changed. A stereotype is an oversimplified and conventional idea or image, used to label or define people or objects. We often have a preconcieved idea

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Personal Journal Community Service Initiative

Question: Discuss about thePersonal Journalfor Community Service Initiative. Answer: Entry-1 Introduction of the CSI Project In this journal entry, I want to start explaining my experience the benefits of the Community Service Initiative (CSI). I have heard many benefits of the community services and I was very excited to accomplish my project. Through this project, I expected to develop an increased sense of social responsibility and about multiculturalism, which will not only help me in my academic learning but also enhance my goodwill to help a human at the time of their needs. One such community cares that I always want to help those people who are unable to do anything in the last stage of the life. Thus, my primary concern was in Hospice care services. I have always witnessed that older adults who are chronically ill are not treated well by their family members. My team member desired to collect funds for these people to arrange a celebration so that they can cheer for a day and gather happiness in their terminal stage. The primary objective behind this approach is that their family members are not k een to meet them and share time with them and as consulted with many doctors I have come to learn that there is a chance of healthy life for them if some happiness will be provided to them. In the context of the Projek 57, one thing I like to mention that I encourage all the students regarding the social aspect of our society and I would like to thank my mentor for providing me a chance to highlight a neglected field of the community. When my entire team went in one such hospice care unit, we felt very bad, as these people are unable to do anything on their own and have to rely on others. Those people, on the other hand, have to look after other patients and have their family to attend. Moreover, some older adults are unable to talk and thus they do not get exactly what they required. The issue that my team recognizes is that they need moral support and need happiness to overcome from the thinking that they are an isolated community of the society. We need a lot of funds so we can provide services to almost 60 elderly people and for that, I have created a WhatsApp group name MISSION HOSPICE. Entry-2 Brainstorming for the Project In this entry, I would explain my perspective for the planning of our approach so that it can be accomplished successfully. In order to complete my desire, I have to plan for a fund-raising event and then purchase some decoration items and medications for those extremely ill people. We planned to ask for charity to the leading organization of Malaysia so that they can also be aware of this group of the community, who need extreme care compared to any other group. In the WhatsApp group, my team member suggests organization from where funds have to be collected and the things can be bought so that the elderly people will be happy and the medical equipment so that effective care can be provided to them at their terminal stage of the life. We often held a meeting for discussion the opinion we shared in our WhatsApp group. In this group, my team member suggests organization from where funds have to be collected and the things can be bought so that the elderly people will be happy and the medical equipment so that effective care can be provided to them at their terminal stage of the life. The meeting often ends up late as we analyze the most effective plan for arranging the fund-raising event and then purchase the things for our desired product. Often there are some conflicts among the team members and I have learned to be patient so that I can learn everyone's concern and give them a proper reason of selecting one opinion out of the many. Even my teammates are also supporting and we divide into three teams so that one team can raise money and the second team will go any purchase all the obligatory objects; while the third team prepares for the occasion that we planned for the elderly patients in the hospice care service center. Entrey-3 Presentation of the Plan We have prepared a PowerPoint presentation for the plan that we have to make to out mentors and the assessor of Projek57. We have to present the illustration based on the division of our work and hence each one of us has to discuss the plan in details. Every one of us has some drawback; especially I was very nervous, as I have to start the illustration of the overview of the presentation. My team members encouraged me a lot and we practiced two times before the final review. We have incorporated the financial details, the work division and the expected outcome to the founder of the projek57 so that we got the approval. The founder asks us why we selected the chronically ill people when everyone selected a field that is accessed easily and everyone is aware of. I remember that I answered him that the first experience I got when I saw my neighbor to behave rudely with their old father. They hesitate to touch him and make him sit in a corner. I felt very bad, think about other elder mem bers and selected this field for the CIS project. We noted their feedback and noted them, which helped us to accomplish our planned thing with efficient. I would want to appreciate the founder and our mentors that with their valuable feedback we attained our expected outcome faster than our assumed approach. At last, I can say that I have learned that people in the higher designation are people like us and we can communicate with them as we do with our friends and mentors. They helped me to speak with confidence and taught me gestures that will help me to present my presentation with efficiency in the future. At the end of the meeting, we have greeted everyone and our team started to perform their roles as per as the business plan. Entry-4 Fund-Raising Experience We have opened our stall before Sunway Pyramid so that a maximum amount can be raised. Our team members also approach some leading companies like Maxis Berhad and Axiata Group Berhad for collecting some voluntary fund. In this way, we not only communicate with the leading brands but also bale to generate awareness of the hospice services running in the Malaysia and the adversity of those elderly people. The stalls have the facility to collect funds in cheques and through money transfer. Three of the team member made some hoarding with pictures of chronically ill elderly people and quotation so that people come to know about them and their condition. In my perception, this is the most effective field of selection as every family has their old parents or grandparent or they themselves will be in such age. Two more members illustrate speeches that I had written for them, which contains our project details and purpose we have selected for them. It is true that we are not present at the s ame place at the same time but at the end of the day when we meet, we discuss our experience. I came to know that everyone appreciates our initiatives and helps with monetary support. We have a shop for some decorative items so that hospice center can be decorated. Medical pieces of equipment and accessories like adult diapers, saline bottles and injection also bought by our team after all the collection. We also provide a printed bill with my number and the address of the hospice center for further contacts regarding our community services. During this journey, we have come to learn that many products are there that a person may require. Some of the team members also get detailed information about the medicines and equipment their patient need for initial treatment and care so that we can find those products and can make a successful purchase with the fund we raise. Entrey-5 Overall Experience The experience that we gather at the end of the Projek57 we have developed out social relations, communication skills and confidence to lead a charitable event. We had worked with collaboration and learned that every business approach needs planning and our mentors have helped us to execute our plan effectively. I also want to add that when we are decorating the hospice center, the caring staff members also cooperate with us and at the evening when we light on the lights and decoration, we observed a smile on their face and we felt a sensation of success. Our entire team cheered and we spoke to every elderly people over there and asked him or her to make a wish so that we can fulfill those wishes. They blessed us and asked us to come again and meet them. Moreover, on completion of this assessment, I have learned that people desire to help needy people of the society but due to lack of time they are always looking for a medium and they all congratulate us for performing as a medium fo r this charitable work. I would like to thank all of our mentors and the founder of the Projek57 and concluded that the plan we prepare is executed as expected. We are also success in delivering awareness to the locality about their elderly family member. All of my team members are also good and cooperative and we have performed our duties skillfully and hoped we had achieved the main objective of the assessment. My family members also su[port and encourage me with the details of few other hospice centers so that we can continue our work for those center and can spread smiles to hundred of elderly people who are suffering from severe disease and are unable to do their daily work.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Managerial Research Findings

Introduction Managers play pivotal roles in the success of organisations. To ensure that they have theoretical paradigms, which while applied help them to continue to realise success, a large scholarly body of knowledge has evolved seeking to study and or give insights to the most acceptable roles and functions of managers.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Managerial Research Findings specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In a more interactive way, management refers to â€Å"human action, including design, to facilitate the production of useful outcomes from a system† (Gomez-Mejia, Balkin Cardy 2008, p.20). In the realisation of this goal, managers organise six M’s- men and women, machines, markets, money, methods, and materials such that the M’s operate in harmony in favour of organisational objectives, missions, goals, and aims (Marshall Stewart 1981, p.177). In this extent, the work of managem ent encompasses utilisation of resources that are available at the disposal of an organisation to aid in the realisation of the objectives of the organisation. Many of the scholars in the field of management contend that the work of management involves tasks such as directing, controlling, organising, monitoring, and motivating among others. Findings indicate that managers have central roles to play in fostering employees’ relations through harnessing their (employees) cultural diversities in an organisation, creating appropriate organisational behaviours that are consistent with an organisations’ missions, objectives and strategic goals, and initiating perspectives of social corporate responsibility in the effort to ensure that all organisations’ stakeholders are satisfied with the organisation. In the execution of these tasks, managers must utilise their knowledge on fundamental functions that they serve within an organisation- controlling, directing, organisi ng, and planning (Hales 1986, p.89). Ensuring that all these functions are integrated within the management body demands the possession of good communication skills. This paper discusses and justifies social corporate responsibility and the nature of management role of communication in management as the most crucial findings in the studies of the management work.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nature of Management Work For any upcoming manager, research findings on the nature of the work of management are important. Investors risk their money in the anticipation of future gains. Due to operational dynamics, investors look for various ways of shifting around their money that is committed to investments in the effort to look for a myriad of ways that would yield optimal returns. Research findings in the field of management reflect applicability of a similar analogy in the eva luation of the work of management. Apart from the investment of energies of the managers in the running of an organisation, they have resources, which include people (employees), materials, and time (Mintzberg 1990, p.172) at their disposal, which they must establish appropriate combinations to yield optimal returns for the investors (shareholders in case of company). Being one of the most important resources that are available to an organisation, managers must not only ensure that they have â€Å"the right employees at the right places and at the right time but also focus on improving the resource† (Coli Klidas 1998, p.88). Amid the many ways of accomplishing this requirement, motivation and empowerment are outstanding. Coli and Klidas (1998) studied empowerment as a component of management work. The authors argued that empowerment addresses most of the enduring problems in human resource by enhancing cooperation among various employees coupled with compliance (p.88). In th is extent, empowerment as an essential work of management helps managers to function as catalysts, facilitators, developers of people, and more importantly, coaches of people. However, it is vital to note that this list does not cover totally the roles of empowerment in management work. In today’s work environments, people are required to think more about how certain tasks are to be completed as opposed to engaging more in physical activities (Gomez-Mejia, Balkin Cardy 2008, p.25).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Managerial Research Findings specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Consequently, it is crucial for managers to engage in asking various simulation interrogatives to unveil the solution of how people’s optimal mental work can be realised from them. This way, the work of management appears more of being inclined to facilitation as opposed to decision-making as has been theorised by past literatu re on management work (Tengblad 2006, p.1439). Acting as facilitators, managers have to establish various management approaches that suit the environmental condition of an organisation. In this extent, when an organisation encounters periods of rapid technological changes, when it needs innovations and creativity to create new products while not negating services and periods of low motivations of employees among other challenging situations, managers have no choice rather than advocating for empowerment of employees. This argument calls for incorporation of employees in decision-making process even if it means erosion of the authoritative power of a manager (Coli Klidas 1998, p.90). Therefore, the work of management entails making bold decisions for the benefit of an organisation. While empowerment through delegation is important as suggested by the findings of Coli and Klidas (1998) in their study on empowerment in 10 five-star hotels located in Amsterdam, more current findings in dicate, â€Å"delegation is not enough in today’s knowledge-driven world to have work done through people† (Blalock 2005, p.237). This finding is important since the modern managerial work environments have evolved to encompass more of problem solving, decision-making, and creative thinking tasks.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This argument perhaps complies precisely with the findings of various scholarly findings indicating that successful organisations in the globalisation age needs to cast off traditional approaches of management, which emphasise more on task-oriented mechanistic management that focuses more on controlling. Effecting control is achieved through various mechanisms. Gronn (1983) identifies talk (communication) as one of such mechanisms. The author argues that, in school settings, â€Å"control is an aspect for administration for which talk is a key resource particularly for staff relations, which imply that talk is a key potential instrument of control for both principle and staff in schools† (Gronn 1983, p.1). In this perspective, controlling is a means for making sure that tasks within an organisation are accomplished through specified processes and methods. Thus, it is a mechanism of making sure that tasks allocated to work groups and individuals are done in the manager’ s way. Hence, it hinders employees from creating and innovating new way of doing the same task in a manner that would save costs, which oppose the managers’ approach. Management approach, which emphasises control, hinders information sharing: a major driving force for organisational success for a knowledge-based organisation. Stemming from the above arguments on the findings of the studies in the discipline of management work, it is evident that management work entangles multiple processes that never end, which cut across planning, organising, directing, and controlling. In this line of argument, Mintzberg (1990) maintains that the work of a manager is difficult since it often calls managers to over work themselves. From the perspective of Mintzberg (1990), â€Å"brevity, fragmentation, and verbal communication characterise their work† (pp167-168). Since this concern impedes incorporation of scientific research in aiding in the development of managerial tactics that wo uld make managers more productive in their work, concerning Mintzberg (1990), studies in management work focuses on functions, which are easier to analyse. This argument implies that the work of management extends from the key four pillars of management: directing, controlling, planning, and organising. The degree of integration of the management functions with other organisational dynamics determines the productivity and effectiveness of the managers (Watson 2001, p.223). One of such dynamics in the degree to which managers permit employees to take part in decision-making processes in the effort to ensure that managers ensure that work is done through the human resource. This strategy makes the nature of management work multidisciplinary to the extent that a manager has to deploy perspectives of economics, sociology, information technology, managerial science and art, and psychology among others to ensure that all organisational variables are balanced. The findings on the nature of managerial work are important since management functions cannot be to be realised in the absence of the knowledge of anticipated outputs and if managers are not aware of their roles in an organisation and or how the roles changes with changes in organisation work environment and technology. Management and Communication Research findings indicate that managers spend most of their time communicating either verbally or through written communication (Gronn 1983). Managers facilitate things in an organisation through other people (organisational employees). Consequently, it is important that managers are able to communicate effectively about the process of achieving the desired goals. Through directing as a fundamental role of management, managers utilise most of their time allocating jobs to various work groups and individuals in discharging other obligations that are akin to the success of an organisation. Faced by such many tasks to accomplish within a finite amount of time, ineffect ive managers have the probabilities of blaming their failures on obligations (Mintzberg 1990, p.174). Consequently, it is important that managers are able to alter obligations to act as an advantage. In this extent, speech is incredible since it gives managers an opportunity to lobby for appropriate cause. In this end, Mintzberg (1990) informs, â€Å"a meeting is a chance to reorganise a weak department- a visit to an important customer is a chance to extract trade information† (p.175) and hence impossible to achieve without possession of ardent communication skills. Organisations are made of diverse people in terms of cultural affiliations. These differences may influence the success of an organisation in the sense that they may create different organisational cultures, which are not consistent with the goals, objectives, and missions of the organisation employing them. This challenge calls for managers to look for a mechanism of creating an organisation culture that appreci ates the cultural diversities of the people. Such a culture is organised around the common organisational objective. In this effort, top-down and bottom-up communication is imperative. With regard to Blalock (2005), managers utilise about 75 to 80 percent of their total time in communication. In the context of the needs to organise people in an organisation around a common culture, this finding is imperative in the process of creation of a common culture. Hence, a manager who realises that his or her work entails principally fostering effective communication would not feel overwhelmed by the task of creating a multicultural culture. Research finding on the roles of communication in management evidences various reasons why managers ought to engage in good communication. Such reasons underpin the effectiveness of a manager in performing his or her managerial tasks. One of the reasons is laid on the platforms of the expensiveness of failure to foster effective communication in organisa tions. In this perspective, Blalock established that managers’ promotional rates were dependent on their ability to make things done in an organisation through people (2005, p.239), which is not only a disadvantage to the managers’ angle of view but also from the organisation’s perspective because ineffectiveness of managers influences the success of an organisation in terms of its profitability. Communication plays a pivotal role in the modern work environments. The organisational environments continue to be complex due to increased competition that is characterised by excess of surplus in productions. Consequently, only organisations that are able to harness their production resources would be able to reduce their costs of productions, which are important for an organisation to gain a competitive advantage in the market places. Employees are among the many organisational resources that a manager has sole responsibility to manage. Management of an organisationà ¢â‚¬â„¢s employees is improbable without ardent vertical and horizontal communication. Research finding on the roles of communication as a constituent element of management work is also critical considering that modern organisations are focusing on strategic missions to be globalised. Globalisation implies that an organisation increases its customer base. Global customers have different tastes and preferences. Where an organisation establishes presence in different nations across the globe, it is also likely that it will employ people from differing cultural, racial, and ethnic backgrounds. All these factors reinforce the perspective that managers of globalising organisations are increasingly facing more roles in enhancing cultural interactivity of their employees. With the findings that communication is an essential tool for harmonising employees’ pool differences, effective communication is certainly one of the elements that organisations will consider in hiring management staff. Communication entangles the use of words to spell out the required course of action in an organisation. This line of view is also held by Gronn (1983). In school settings, management work is effected through exchange of words to the extent that â€Å"†¦administrative control is accomplished by talks† (Gronn 1983, p.1). Hence, through a constant talk, school management teams are able to accomplish their administrative tasks, which may be interpreted in the context of the management work as encompassing organising, directing, planning, and controlling. Hence, communication is an essential aspect of management in all settings involving organisation, planning, directing, and controlling human resource. Management Social Corporate Responsibility Social responsibly is a new aspect of components of work of management in an organisation. Managers have the tasks of ensuring that not all stakeholders of an organisation are caught up in the battle for conflicts of interests (Tengblad 2006, p.1438). For them to do this job, managers need to harmonise all the stakes of the organisational stakeholders in a manner that is consistent with the goals of an organisation. Literature on management work associates such a requirement with the adoption of principles of social corporate management within organisations. From the most fundamental perspective, social corporate responsibility (CSR) is the obligation for companies not only to act to serve their own interests but also the interests of the society. More interactively, CSR is defined as an â€Å"economic, legal, ethical, and discretionary expectation that the society has on organisations at a given point in time† (Carroll Buchholtz 2003, p. 36). A thorough examination of CSR is essentially provided through analysis of stakeholders. Stakeholders encompass all groups and specific individuals who either benefit, or even are harmed by decisions made by an organisation’s management arm. Managers c annot make decisions that will not harm all the organisational stakeholders if they do not harmonise the differences among the stakeholders of the organisations they manage. Social corporate responsibility is presented in the management work literature as an incredible tool for creating integration of interests of differing people who have special interests in an organisation. As Carroll and Buchholtz (2003, p. 36), â€Å"the key principle of social corporate responsibility is pegged on the idea that organisations have philanthropic, ethical, and moral responsibilities to play in addition to providing returns to investors†. Additionally, organisations gain immensely when they respect the environment in which they are established. Research findings in the studies on management work indicate that it is crucial for managers to focus on how they would hike the profitability of the organisations they lead. They should also look for mechanisms of ensuring mitigation of risky situat ions that may prompt an organisation to hike its weakness and threats to its operations (Tengblad 2006, p.1444). One of the ways of doing this task is through adopting principles of corporate social responsibility. In the discussion of social corporate responsibility, as an essential component of work of management, it is perhaps important to consider how the principles apply to some stakeholder in an organisation, for instance, customers and employees. Employees constitute an organisation’s stakeholders who help in the process of conversion of raw materials into finished products and services through value addition. Thus, they are central to the CSR program. More importantly, they are crucial to an organisation since they â€Å"invest their skills and time in their work and that their livelihood depends on the activities of the organisation† (Carroll, Buchholtz 2003, p.67). The main task of management is to adopt strategies for determining how employees’ inter ests are merged with the main goal of an organisation without creating conflict of interests. It is in this extent that management literature findings on the roles of corporate responsibility in an organisation are significant. One of the reasons cited by management literature for existence of organisations is to create value to customers. Customers are the chief stakeholders that keep any organisation’s business in operation. Apart from ensuring customers’ satisfaction with the products that the company offers to them, an organisation through management arm has other ethical and moral obligations towards them. In fact, customers are important since the degree to which the reputation of an organisation is maintained depends on their perceptions about the way an organisation in question treats them. Treating customers with courtesy ensures better reputation of the name of the business and hence more sales meaning more returns on investment to the investors. Organisation s management obligation is to ensure that organisations engage in business in a long-term basis (Garriga Mele 2004, p.52.). Customers are the main tools for ensuring realisation of this obligation. The issue is thus how to retain first time customers and make them faithful subsequent buyers of organisational products through adoption of CSR principles. To resolve this issue, organisations endeavour to not only treat customers fairly but also offers products and services of high quality at fair prices. Based on these arguments, findings on the roles of management in enhancing CSR in an organisation are very important. Conclusion The role of management in an organisation is an area of study that has attracted the interest of many scholars within the last three decades. More efforts of the studies in management work have been dedicated on establishing the basic functions of a manager in an organisation coupled with delving on theoretical paradigms on how managers can be effective in e xecuting their key functions. As discussed in the paper, these functions are directing, controlling, organising, and planning. The paper argued that managers achieve these core functions by focusing on other aspects such as social corporate responsibility, adopting appropriate communication, and motivational techniques such as empowerment. In fact, the paper discussed these three aspects as the most important findings in the management work-studies. In case of social corporate responsibility, the paper held the findings on its roles in an organisation as crucial since a manager cannot avoid conflicts of interest among organisational stakeholders without paying attention to mechanisms of harmonising all stakes of the stakeholders. Communication is one of the most important aspects of managerial work, which help binding all organisational processes. Findings on the nature of management work were also considered in the paper as important since execution of the management work requires people to know what management embraces. References Blalock, M 2005, ‘Listen up, why good communication is good business’, Journal of Marketing Management, vol. 9 no. 3, pp. 233-243. Carroll, B Buchholtz, A 2003, Business and Society: Ethics and Stakeholder Management, Thomson South-Western, Australia. Coli, H Klidas, A 1998, ‘Empowerment in five-star hotels: choice, voice or rhetoric?’, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 10 no.3, pp. 88-95. Garriga, E Mele, D 2004, ‘Corporate Social Responsibility Theories: Mapping the Territory’, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 5 no. 3, pp. 51-71. Gomez-Mejia, L, Balkin, D, Cardy, R 2008, Management: People, Performance, Change, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY. Gronn, P 1983, ‘Talk as the work: the accomplishment of school administration’, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 28 no.1, pp. 1-21. Hales, C 1986, ‘What do managers do? A critical review of the ev idence’, Journal of Management Studies, vol. 23 no. 1, pp. 88-115. Marshall, J Stewart, R 1981, ‘Managers’ job perceptions. Part I: their overall frameworks and working strategies’, Journal of Management Studies, vol. 18 no. 2, pp. 177-90. Mintzberg, H 1990, ‘The manager’s job: folklore and fact’, Harvard Business Review, vol. 3 no. 2, pp. 163-76. Tengblad, S 2006, ‘Is there a ‘new managerial work’? A comparison with Henry Mintzberg’s classic study 30 years later’, Journal of Management Studies, vol. 43 no. 7, pp. 1437-1461. Watson, T 2001, ‘The emergent manager and processes of management pre-learning’, Management Learning, vol. 32 no. 2, pp. 221-325. This essay on Managerial Research Findings was written and submitted by user Trinity Osborne to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Essay on Efficient Energy TransportationEssay Writing Service

Essay on Efficient Energy TransportationEssay Writing Service Essay on Efficient Energy Transportation Essay on Efficient Energy TransportationToday, the environment pollution is one of the major challenges to the world and well-developed nations, such as the US, confront the problem of the consistent deterioration of the environmental situation. In this regard, the transportation system is one of the major contributors to the deterioration of the environmental situation because vehicles are the major contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, transportation is one of the major sources of the environment pollution. Hence, energy efficient transportation is the major way to decrease the environment pollution and the reduction of the fuel consumption can help to reduce the environment pollution. However, the improvement of the environmental situation involves not only technological changes but also the change of the transportation culture. In actuality, the US is still facing the problem of the poor fuel efficiency because of the traditional American transportation culture and the reduction of the fuel consumption can be achieved through the change of the transportation culture in the US along with legislative changes that will stimulate consumers and car manufacturing companies to purchase and manufacture fuel efficient vehicles respectively.At the moment, transportation contributes to over a quarter of energy consumption in the US. At the same time, transportation is one of the major sources of greenhouse gas emissions that are the major source of pollution of air and environment. Fossil fuels used as the source of energy to fuel cars cause greenhouse gas emissions, which are the major source of air and environment pollution (Teisl, Rubin, Noblet, 2008). Fuel efficiency can minimize the consumption of fuel. This is why the energy efficient transportation involves the reduction of the fuel consumption.The public grows more and more concerned about the environment pollution because the deterioration of the environmental situation leads to the deteriorat ion of the public health and decline of the quality of life. The change of the public awareness is the result of the deterioration of the environment (Banerjee Solomon 2003). People grow more and more aware of the negative impact of greenhouse gas emissions not only on the environment but also on the health of people. However, this trend is relatively new and cannot overcome the traditional American transportation culture oriented on the use of large cars that are not fuel efficient.In addition, companies manufacturing cars tend to on the fuel efficiency to attract customers, while customers’ main driver to reduce fuel consumption and, therefore, greenhouse gas emissions is the growing price of gas. As a result, consumers prefer buying new cars, which are more fuel efficient than old ones and they prefer car models which are fuel efficient. In such a way, the consumer behavior influences policies conducted by car manufacturing companies. Car manufacturing companies attempt t o match customers’ expectations. The growing demand of consumers for fuel efficient vehicles encourages car manufacturing companies to shift toward the development of new, fuel efficient cars.At the same time, consumers, who are conscious of the negative impact of car use on the environment, tend to change their behavior preferring bicycles to their cars or using public transport instead of their cars. However, these consumers are quite a few compared to the large mass of consumers, who still use their cars. In fact, the US consumers still prefer to use their cars, instead of public transport or bicycles. Hypothetically, the shift from private cars toward the public transport and bicycles can change consistently the level of greenhouse gas emissions because this will lead to the consistent reduction of using private vehicles and, therefore, to the respective reduction of the fuel consumption that leads to greenhouse gas emissions. However, at the moment, Americans are not rea dy for the total shift from using private cars to using the public transport or bicycles.On the other hand, more and more consumers prefer car pooling to save their fuel and transportation costs. This trend contributes to the energy efficient transportation because car pooling reduces the number of cars used by consumers on the regular basis since vehicles normally carry five people and car pooling allows five persons to use one car instead of five ones. In actuality, this trend becomes more and more popular in the US because it is efficient financially and allows Americans save their money and their fuel but, at the same time, car pooling saves environment because reduces the number of private cars in use and, therefore, reduces greenhouse gas emissions from private cars.In actuality, there are several factors determining the consumer behavior and influencing their transportation habits. First, economic factors play the major part in changes of the consumer behavior. For example, t he economic recession of 2008 contributed to the consistent reduction of car use and overall drop of car sales in the US. The reduction of car sales was the result of the inability of Americans to purchase new cars and their desire to save money.Furthermore, the skyrocketing gas price stimulated consumers either refuse from using their cars and shift to the public transport or bicycles, or change their cars and purchase more fuel efficient cars, on the one hand, and sell their old, less fuel efficient cars instead. In addition, Americans just refused from the frequent use of their cars because they could not afford buying gas at the high price. This is why the overall reduction of car sales and use of cars caused by economic reasons resulted in the overall decline of greenhouse gas emissions caused by the US transportation.Moreover, the economic recession and high gas prices encouraged car manufacturers to focus on the production of fuel efficient cars and introduce hybrid cars, whi ch use alternative fuels along with gas or alternative fuels alone. In fact, car manufacturers responded to the change in the customer behavior (O’Gallachoir, Howley, Cunningham, Bazilian, 2009). The economic background was the major reason for such a shift and car manufacturers just attempted to keep their cars selling. This is why fuel efficient cars were just the marketing tool that could attract customers and make them buying new cars.On the other hand, the economic recovery has contributed to the rise of car sales, wider use of cars, and the overall return of car manufacturers for the production of less fuel efficient, large cars instead of small and more fuel efficient ones. 2013 marked the consistent growth of car sales compared to 2008 that reveals the fact that the improvement of the economic situation contributes to the increase of car use and fuel consumption.Another important factor that contributes to the energy efficient transportation in the US is the transpor tation culture. To put it more precisely, the individual use of private cars is the distinct feature of the US transportation culture (Hensher, 2007). Moreover, Americans are accustomed to use large cars, which are not fuel efficient. For example, Americans tend to use large cars and disregard their fuel efficiency, while Europeans tend to buy small cars, which are suitable for driving in European cities with narrow streets and are more fuel efficient compared to American cars (De Witte, Macharis Mairesse, 2008). Therefore, the American transportation culture tends to disregard fuel efficiency.  In response to the growing public pressure, the US authorities, including the US Department of Energy, attempt to develop policies aiming at the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions along with the reduction of fossil fuel consumption. At the moment, the US authorities focus on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and increasing the energy efficiency by means of the introduction of e nergy efficient policies in all industries. In this regard, transportation plays an important part in the reduction of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. However, the government focuses on the commercial transport mainly to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For example, the US government stimulates the reduction of the fuel consumption by commercial vehicles offering recommendations contributing to the higher fuel efficiency along with the Department of Energy regulations that help to minimize the fuel consumption by commercial vehicles.Thus, the US is still the country, where the efficient energy transportation is rather a future opportunity than a part of the present life. In spite of the growing consciousness of Americans of the negative impact of greenhouse gas emissions caused by their cars on their environment and health along with efforts of the government to encourage the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by transport, Americans still prefer using their priv ate cars, instead of using the public transport or bicycles.

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Film studies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Film studies - Essay Example These films are then presented to the world in their language, as if the film is spoken in English, the audience won’t relate to the same thought process as to what is really being depicted in the film’s native tongue. The foreign film award promotes a sense of awareness of other cultures and practices which differ from Hollywood mainstream practices. Â   To qualify for the award, one of the primary requirements is that the majority of the film is presented in a language other than English although this is not necessarily required to be the language of the country that produced it and must first be released in theatrical format in a country other than the United States. The significance of this is that language has a great deal to do with our perceptions of the world. Word choice is important in any language to convey the nuances of meaning intended by the author. When it is then translated into English for an English-speaking audience, much of this nuance can be lost. According to scholar Benjamin Whorf, language also works internally to shape thoughts and emotions to help us understand our own perception of reality (cited in Kilgour, 1999). By presenting these films in their native (meaning original) language, the Academy is fostering recognition that important thoughts and ideas are pursued in other countries as well as the United States and brings the focus of these films into the mainstream theater audience, who might otherwise have missed them. This is significant when one considers the impact of foreign films such as Life is Beautiful (1998), an Italian film directed by Roberto Benigni. In this film, the director (and star) illustrates the dichotomy between pre and post war Italy as it is seen in the lives of members of one family. The beginning of the film presents a comedic romance between the Jewish Guido and the love of his life, Dora up to a